Heisman Voting Records

Most First Place Votes

These are the raw totals of the Heisman winners who garnered the most first-place votes. However, keep in mind that in some years (1968, 1976) there were more voters than in recent years.

Year Player School First-place votes
1968 O.J. Simpson USC 855
2006 Troy Smith Ohio State 801
2014 Marcus Mariota Oregon 788
1993 Charlie Ward Florida State 740
2017 Baker Mayfield Oklahoma 732
2010 Cam Newton Auburn 729
1998 Ricky Williams Texas 714
1976 Tony Dorsett Pittsburgh 701
1984 Doug Flutie Boston College 678
1986 Vinny Testaverde Miami 678
2013 Jameis Winston Florida State 668
1991 Desmond Howard Michigan 661

Most Points as a Percentage of Possible Points

Because the size of the Heisman electorate has varied over the years, a more accurate way to assess the size of a Heisman victory is to calculate the point total as a percentage of possible points available in that year.

Year Player, School Points Voters Percentage
2006 Troy Smith, Ohio State 2,540 924 91.63%
2014 Marcus Mariota, Oregon 2,534 929 90.92%
2017 Baker Mayfield, Oklahoma 2,398 929 86.0%
1998 Ricky Williams, Texas 2,355 921 85.23%
1993 Charlie Ward, FSU 2,310 919 83.79%
2010 Cam Newton, Auburn 2,263 925 81.55%
1968 O.J. Simpson, USC 2,903 1,200 80.64%
2013 Jameis Winston, FSU 2,205 929 79.12%
1991 Desmond Howard, Michigan 2,077 917 75.50%
1976 Tony Dorsett, Pittsburgh 2,357 1,048 74.97%
1999 Ron Dayne, Wisconsin 2,042 922 73.83%
2012 Johnny Manziel, Texas A&M 2,029 928 72.88%

Most Ballots Named, as a Percentage of Total Ballots

Year Name 1st 2nd 3rd Ballots Voters % of ballots
2014 Marcus Mariota 788 74 22 884 929 95.16%
2006 Troy Smith 801 62 13 876 924 94.8%
2017 Baker Mayfield 732 87 28 847 929 91.17%
1998 Ricky Williams 714 91 31 836 921 90.8%
2012 Johnny Manziel 474 252 103 829 928 89.3%
1968 O.J. Simpson 855 128 82 1,065 1,200 88.8%
2008 Sam Bradford 300 315 196 811 926 87.6%
1967 Gary Beban 369 332 197 898 1,033 86.9%
2007 Tim Tebow 462 229 113 804 925 86.9%
1993 Charlie Ward 740 39 12 791 919 86.1%
2015 Derrick Henry 378 277 144 799 929 86.01%
2013 Jameis Winston 668 84 33 785 929 84.5%
2010 Cam Newton 729 24 28 781 925 84.4%

Largest Margin of Victory

Year Winner, School Points Runner Up, School Points Margin
1968 O.J. Simpson, USC 2,853 Leroy Keyes, Purdue 1,103 1,750
2006 Troy Smith, Ohio State 2,540 Darren McFadden, Arkansas 878 1,662
1993 Charlie Ward, Florida State 2,310 Heath Shuler, Tennessee 688 1,622
1991 Desmond Howard, Michigan 2,077 Casey Weldon, Florida State 503 1,574
1998 Ricky Williams, Texas 2,355 Michael Bishop, Kansas State 792 1,563
1986 Vinny Testaverde, Miami 2,213 Paul Palmer, Temple 672 1,541
2013 Jameis Winston, Florida State 2,205 AJ McCarron, Alabama 704 1,501
1955 Howard Cassady, Ohio State 2,219 Jim Swink, TCU 742 1,477
1963 Roger Staubach, Navy 1,860 Billy Lothridge, Georgia Tech 504 1,356
1951 Dick Kazmaier, Princeton 1,777 Hank Lauricella, Tennessee 424 1,353

Smallest Margin of Victory

Year Winner, School Points Runner Up, School Points Margin
2009 Mark Ingram, Alabama 1,304 Toby Gerhart, Stanford 1,276 28
1985 Bo Jackson, Auburn 1,509 Chuck Long, Iowa 1,464 45
1961 Ernie Davis, Syracuse 824 Bob Ferguson, Ohio State 771 53
1953 John Lattner, Notre Dame 1,850 Paul Giel, Minnesota 1,794 56
2001 Eric Crouch, Nebraska 770 Rex Grossman, Florida 708 62
1989 Andre Ware, Houston 1,073 Anthony Thompson, Indiana 1,003 70
1956 Paul Hornung, Notre Dame 1,066 John Majors, Tennessee 994 72
1964 John Huarte, Notre Dame 1,026 Jerry Rhome, Tulsa 952 74
2000 Chris Weinke, Florida State 1,628 Josh Heupel, Oklahoma 1,552 76
1978 Billy Sims, Oklahoma 827 Chuck Fusina, Penn State 750 77

The Winning Juniors

Year Player, School
1945 Doc Blanchard, Army
1948 Doak Walker, SMU
1950 Vic Janowicz, Ohio State
1963 Roger Staubach, Navy
1974 Archie Griffin, Ohio State
1978 Billy Sims, Oklahoma
1982 Herschel Walker, Georgia
1988 Barry Sanders, Oklahoma State
1989 Andre Ware, Houston
1990 Ty Detmer, BYU
1991 Desmond Howard, Michigan
1994 Rashaan Salaam, Colorado
1997 Charles Woodson, Michigan
2004 Matt Leinart, USC
2010 Cam Newton, Auburn
2011 Robert Griffin III, Baylor
2014 Marcus Mariota, Oregon
2015 Derrick Henry, Alabama

The Winning Sophomores

Year Player, School
2007 Tim Tebow, Florida
2008 Sam Bradford, Oklahoma
2009 Mark Ingram, Alabama
2016 Lamar Jackson, Louisville

The Winning Freshmen

Year Player, School
2012 Johnny Manziel, Texas A&M
2013 Jameis Winston, Florida State

Heisman finishes by position

Offensive linemen and the Heisman
Defensive linemen and the Heisman

Tight Ends and the Heisman

Heisman Jersey Numbers

99
Jay Berwanger, RB, Chicago, 1935

98
Tom Harmon, RB, Michigan, 1940

82
Leon Hart, End, Notre Dame, 1949

81
Tim Brown, WR, Notre Dame, 1987

54
Bruce Smith, RB, Minnesota, 1941

48
Angelo Bertelli, QB, Notre Dame, 1943

45
Archie Griffin, RB, Ohio State, 1974, 1975

44
John David Crow, RB, Texas A&M, 1957
Ernie Davis, RB, Syracuse, 1961

42
Dick Kazmaier, RB, Princeton, 1951

41
Glenn Davis, RB, Army, 1946

40
Howard Cassady, RB, Ohio State, 1955

38
George Rogers, RB, South Carolina, 1980

37
Doak Walker, RB, SMU, 1948

36
Steve Owens, RB, Oklahoma, 1969

35
Doc Blanchard, FB, Army, 1945
Billy Vessels, RB, Oklahoma, 1952
Alan Ameche, RB, Wisconsin, 1954

34
Herschel Walker, RB, Georgia, 1982
Bo Jackson, RB, Auburn, 1985
Ricky Williams, RB, Texas, 1998

33
Tony Dorsett, RB, Pittsburgh, 1976
Marcus Allen, RB, USC, 1981
Ron Dayne, RB, Wisconsin, 1999

32
Johnny Lujack, QB, Notre Dame, 1947
OJ Simpson, RB, USC, 1968

31
Vic Janowicz, RB, Ohio State, 1950

30
Mike Rozier, RB, Nebraska, 1983

29
Joe Bellino, RB, Navy, 1960

27
Eddie George, RB, Ohio State, 1995

24
Nile Kinnick, RB, Iowa, 1939
Pete Dawkins, RB, Army, 1958

22
Les Horvath, RB, Ohio State, 1944
John Cappalletti, RB, Penn State, 1973
Doug Flutie, QB, Boston College, 1984
Mark Ingram, RB, Alabama, 1989

21
Frank Sinkwich, RB, Georgia, 1942
Barry Sanders, RB, Oklahoma State, 1988
Desmond Howard, WR, Michigan, 1991

20
Billy Cannon, RB, LSU, 1959
Mike Garrett, RB, USC, 1965
Johnny Rodgers, RB, Nebraska, 1972
Earl Campbell, RB, Texas, 1977
Billy Sims, RB, Oklahoma, 1978

19
Larry Kelley, End, Yale, 1936
Rashaan Salaam, RB, Colorado, 1994

18
Jason White, QB, Oklahoma, 2003

17
Charlie Ward, QB, Florida State, 1993

16
Gary Beban, QB, UCLA, 1967
Jim Plunkett, QB, Stanford, 1970
Chris Weinke, QB, Florida State, 2000

15
Tim Tebow, QB, Florida, 2007

14
Clint Frank, RB, Yale, 1937
John Lattner, RB, Notre Dame, 1953
Vinny Testaverde, QB, Miami, 1986
Ty Detmer, QB, BYU, 1990
Sam Bradford, QB, Oklahoma, 2008

13
Gino Torretta, QB, Miami, 1992

12
Roger Staubach, QB, Navy, 1963
Charles White, RB, USC, 1979

11
Terry Baker, QB, Oregon State, 1962
Steve Spurrier, QB, Florida, 1966
Andre Ware, QB, Houston, 1989
Matt Leinart, QB, USC, 2004

10
Troy Smith, QB, Ohio State, 2006
Robert Griffin III, QB, Baylor, 2011

8
Davey O’Brien, QB, TCU, 1938
Marcus Mariota, QB, Oregon, 2014
Lamar Jackson, QB, Louisville, 2016

7
John Huarte, QB, Notre Dame, 1964
Pat Sullivan, QB, Auburn, 1971
Danny Wuerffel, QB, Florida, 1996
Eric Crouch, QB, Nebraska, 2001

6
Baker Mayfield, QB, Oklahoma, 2017

5
Paul Hornung, QB, Notre Dame, 1956
Jameis Winston, QB, Florida State, 2013

3
Carson Palmer, QB, USC, 2002

2
Charles Woodson, DB/WR, Michigan, 1997
Cam Newton, QB, Auburn, 2010
Johnny Manziel, QB, Texas A&M, 2012
Derrick Henry, RB, Alabama

 

COMPLETE LIST OF HEISMAN FINALISTS

1982
Herschel Walker, Georgia
John Elway, Stanford*
Eric Dickerson, SMU

1983
Mike Rozier, Nebraska
Steve Young, BYU
Doug Flutie, Boston College

1984
Doug Flutie, Boston College
Keith Byars, Ohio State
Robbie Bosco, BYU*
Bernie Kosar, Miami (Fla)

1985
Bo Jackson, Auburn
Chuck Long, Iowa
Robbie Bosco, BYU*
Lorenzo White, Michigan State
Vinny Testaverde, Miami (Fla)

1986
Vinny Testaverde, Miami (Fla)
Paul Palmer, Temple
Jim Harbaugh, Michigan*
Brian Bosworth, Oklahoma
D.J. Dozier, Penn State*

1987
Tim Brown, Notre Dame
Don McPherson, Syracuse
Gordon Lockbaum, Holy Cross
Lorenzo White, Michigan State
Craig Heyward, Pittsburgh

1988
Barry Sanders, Oklahoma State*
Rodney Peete, USC
Troy Aikman, UCLA
Steve Walsh, Miami (Fla)*
Major Harris, West Virginia

1989
Andre Ware, Houston*
Anthony Thompson, Indiana
Major Harris, West Virginia
Tony Rice, Notre Dame
Darian Hagan, Colorado
Dee Dowis, Air Force*
Emmitt Smith, Florida*
Blair Thomas, Penn State*

1990
Ty Detmer, BYU*
Raghib Ismail, Notre Dame
Eric Bieniemy, Colorado
Shawn Moore, Virginia
David Klingler, Houston

1991
Desmond Howard, Michigan
Casey Weldon, Florida State
Ty Detmer, BYU
Steve Emtman, Washington

1992
Gino Torretta, Miami (Fla)
Marshall Faulk, San Diego State
Garrison Hearst, Georgia

1993
Charlie Ward, Florida State
Heath Shuler, Tennessee
David Palmer, Alabama

1994
Rashaan Salaam, Colorado
Ki-Jana Carter, Penn State
Steve McNair, Alcorn State
Kerry Collins, Penn State
Jay Barker, Alabama
Warren Sapp, Miami (Fla)

1995
Eddie George, Ohio State
Tommie Frazier, Nebraska
Danny Wuerffel, Florida
Darnell Autry, Northwestern
Troy Davis, Iowa State

1996
Danny Wuerffel, Florida
Troy Davis, Iowa State
Jake Plummer, Arizona State
Orlando Pace, Ohio State

1997
Charles Woodson, Michigan
Peyton Manning, Tennessee
Ryan Leaf, Washington State
Randy Moss, Marshall

1998
Ricky Williams, Texas
Michael Bishop, Kansas State
Cade McNown, UCLA
Tim Couch, Kentucky

1999
Ron Dayne, Wisconsin
Joe Hamilton, Georgia Tech
Michael Vick, Virginia Tech
Drew Brees, Purdue
Chad Pennington, Marshall

2000
Chris Weinke, Florida State
Josh Heupel, Oklahoma
Drew Brees, Purdue
LaDainian Tomlinson, TCU

2001
Eric Crouch, Nebraska
Rex Grossman, Florida
Ken Dorsey, Miami (Fla)
Joey Harrington, Oregon

2002
Carson Palmer, USC
Brad Banks, Iowa
Larry Johnson, Penn State
Willis McGahee, Miami (Fla)
Ken Dorsey, Miami (Fla)

2003
Jason White, Oklahoma
Larry Fitzgerald, Pittsburgh
Eli Manning, Mississippi
Chris Perry, Michigan

2004
Matt Leinart, USC
Adrian Peterson, Oklahoma
Jason White, Oklahoma
Alex Smith, Utah
Reggie Bush, USC

2005
Vince Young, Texas
Matt Leinart, USC

2006
Troy Smith, Ohio State
Darren McFadden, Arkansas
Brady Quinn, Notre Dame

2007
Tim Tebow, Florida
Darren McFadden, Arkansas
Colt Brennan, Hawaii
Chase Daniel, Missouri

2008
Sam Bradford, Oklahoma
Colt McCoy, Texas
Tim Tebow, Florida

2009
Mark Ingram, Alabama
Toby Gerhart, Stanford
Colt McCoy, Texas
Ndamukong Suh, Nebraska
Tim Tebow, Florida

2010
Cam Newton, Auburn
Andrew Luck, Stanford
LaMichael James, Oregon
Kellen Moore, Boise State

2011
Robert Griffin III
Andrew Luck, Stanford
Trent Richardson, Alabama
Montee Ball, Wisconsin
Tyrann Mathieu, LSU

2012
Johnny Manziel, Texas A&M
Manti Te’o, Notre Dame
Collin Klein, Kansas State

2013
Jameis Winston, Florida State
AJ McCarron, Alabama
Jordan Lynch, Northern Illinois
Andre Williams, Boston College
Johnny Manziel, Texas A&M
Tre Mason, Auburn

2014
Marcus Mariota, Oregon
Melvin Gordon, Wisconsin
Amari Cooper, Alabama

2015
Derrick Henry, Alabama
Christian McCaffrey, Stanford
Deshaun Watson, Clemson

2016
Lamar Jackson, Louisville
Baker Mayfield, Oklahoma
Jabrill Peppers, Michigan
Deshaun Watson, Clemson
Dede Westbrook, Oklahoma

2017
Baker Mayfield, Oklahoma
Bryce Love, Stanford
Lamar Jackson, Louisville

* – invited but did not attend ceremony.

Here’s a breakdown of the 152 Heisman finalists by school since 1982:

9 finalists 
MIAMI (FLA) —Bernie Kosar (’84), Vinny Testaverde(’85, ’86), Steve Walsh (’88), Gino Torretta(’92), Warren Sapp (’94), Ken Dorsey (’01, ’02), Willis McGahee (’02).

9 finalists
OKLAHOMA — Brian Bosworth (’86), Josh Heupel (’00), Jason White(’03, ’04), Adrian Petersen (’04), Sam Bradford(’08), Baker Mayfield (’16, ’17), Dede Westbrook (’16)

7 finalists
ALABAMA— David Palmer (’93), Jay Barker (’94), Mark Ingram(’09), Trent Richardson (’11), AJ McCarron (’13), Amari Cooper (’14), Derrick Henry (’15).
FLORIDA— Emmitt Smith (’89), Danny Wuerffel (’95, ’96), Rex Grossman (’01), Tim Tebow (’07, ’08, ’09).

6 finalists
STANFORD— John Elway (’82), Toby Gerhart (’09), Andrew Luck (’10, ’11), Christian McCaffrey (’15), Bryce Love (’17).

5 finalists
BYU— Steve Young (’83), Robbie Bosco (’84, ’85), Ty Detmer (’90, ’91).
MICHIGAN— Jim Harbaugh (’86), Desmond Howard (’91), Charles Woodson (’97), Chris Perry (’03), Jabrill Peppers (’16).
NOTRE DAMETim Brown (’87), Tony Rice (’89), Raghib Ismail (’90), Brady Quinn (’06), Manti Te’o (’12).
PENN STATE— D.J. Dozier (’86), Blair Thomas (’89), Ki-Jana Carter (’94), Kerry Collins (’94), Larry Johnson (’02).
USC— Rodney Peete (’88), Carson Palmer(’02), Matt Leinart (’04, ’05), Reggie Bush (’04).

4 finalists
FLORIDA STATE— Casey Weldon (’91), Charlie Ward (’93), Chris Weinke (’00), Jameis Winston (’13).
NEBRASKAMike Rozier (’83), Tommie Frazier (’95), Eric Crouch (’01), Ndamukong Suh (’09).
OHIO STATE— Keith Byars (’84), Eddie George (’95), Orlando Pace (’96), Troy Smith (’06).
TEXASRicky Williams (’98), Vince Young (’05), Colt McCoy (’08, ’09).

3 finalists
AUBURNBo Jackson (’85), Cam Newton (’10), Tre Mason (’13).
BOSTON COLLEGEDoug Flutie (’83, ’84), Andre Williams (’13).
COLORADO— Darian Hagan (’89), Eric Bieniemy (’90), Rashaan Salaam (’94).
OREGON— Joey Harrington (’01), LaMichael James (’10), Marcus Mariota (’14).
WISCONSINRon Dayne (’99), Montee Ball (’11), Melvin Gordon (’14).

2 finalists
ARKANSAS— Darren McFadden (’06, ’07).
CLEMSON— Deshaun Watson (’15, ’16).
GEORGIAHerschel Walker (’82), Garrison Hearst (’92).
HOUSTONAndre Ware (’89), David Klingler (’90).
IOWA— Chuck Long (’85), Brad Banks (’02).
IOWA STATE— Troy Davis (’95, ’96).
KANSAS STATE— Michael Bishop (’98), Collin Klein (’12).
LOUISVILLE— Lamar Jackson (’16, ’17).
MARSHALL— Randy Moss (’97), Chad Pennington (’99).
MICHIGAN STATE— Lorenzo White (’85, ’87).
PITTSBURGH— Craig Heyward (’87), Larry Fitzgerald (’03).
PURDUE— Drew Brees (’99, ’00).
TENNESSEE— Heath Shuler (’93), Peyton Manning (’97).
TEXAS A&MJohnny Manziel (’12, ’13).
UCLA— Troy Aikman (’88), Cade McNown (’97).
WEST VIRGINIA— Major Harris (’88, ’89)

1 finalist
AIR FORCE— Dee Dowis (’89).
ALCORN STATE— Steve McNair (’94).
ARIZONA STATE— Jake Plummer (’96).
BAYLORRobert Griffin III (’11).
BOISE STATE— Kellen Moore (’10).
GEORGIA TECH— Joe Hamilton (’99).
HAWAII— Colt Brennan (’07).
HOLY CROSS— Gordie Lockbaum (’87).
INDIANA— Anthony Thompson (’89).
KENTUCKY— Tim Couch (’98).
LSU— Tyrann Mathieu (’11).
MISSISSIPPI— Eli Manning (’03).
MISSOURI— Chase Daniel (’07).
NORTHERN ILLINOIS— Jordan Lynch (’13).
NORTHWESTERN— Darnell Autry (’95).
OKLAHOMA STATE— Barry Sanders (’88).
SAN DIEGO STATE— Marshall Faulk (’92).
SMU— Eric Dickerson (’82).
SYRACUSE— Don McPherson (’87).
TEMPLE— Paul Palmer (’86).
TCU— LaDainian Tomlinson (’00).
UTAH— Alex Smith (’04).
VIRGINIA— Shawn Moore (’90).
VIRGINIA TECH— Michael Vick (’99).
WASHINGTON— Steve Emtman (’91).
WASHINGTON STATE— Ryan Leaf (’97).